A breed of beef cattle bred near Hereford, England, nearly 300 years ago to efficiently convert native grass into beef needed for the expanding food market created by Britain 's industrial revolution. The breed is "trade-marked" with white faces and distinctive red bodies. Hereford breeding came to the U.S. in 1840, although statesman Henry Clay of Kentucky made the first importation (a bull and two females) in 1817. (Clay's imports were absorbed by the local cattle population and disappeared from permanent identity.) The registry is maintained by the American Hereford Association.
A breed of hogs first developed by R. U. Webber, LaPlata, Missouri, who made his first crosses in about 1902. He used Duroc, Chesters and Ohio Improved Chester breeds. The modern breed also includes Poland China genetics. To qualify for registration, Herefords must conform to a color pattern that includes a white face, at least two white feet and a red body.

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  • hereford — HÉREFORD s. (probabil n.) Rasă de taurine de culoare roşcată pe tot corpul, cu excepţia capului, abdomenului şi extremităţilor picioarelor. – Din engl. hereford. Trimis de gall, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  Héreford s. pr. n. Trimis de siveco,… …   Dicționar Român

  • Hereford — Hereford1 [hʉr′fərd] n. any of a breed of medium sized beef cattle developed in Hereford, having a reddish body with a white face and belly Hereford2 [her′ə fərd] 1. city in Hereford and Worcester, WC England, on the Wye: county district pop.… …   English World dictionary

  • Hereford — (spr. Herriförd), 1) (Herefordshire), Grafschaft in der West Midland Division von England, an die Grafschaften Gloucester, Worcester, Shropshire, Radnor, Brecknock u. Monmouth grenzend; 391/2 QM., bergig (Cosop u. Malvern Hills, Brilley Mountains …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Hereford — Hereford, TX U.S. city in Texas Population (2000): 14597 Housing Units (2000): 5323 Land area (2000): 5.612598 sq. miles (14.536561 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 5.612598 sq. miles (14.536561… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Hereford, TX — U.S. city in Texas Population (2000): 14597 Housing Units (2000): 5323 Land area (2000): 5.612598 sq. miles (14.536561 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 5.612598 sq. miles (14.536561 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • HEREFORD — HEREFORD, county town in S.W. England. Jews lived there from the middle of the 12th century, and later it possessed an archa . Ten members of the community contributed to the northampton Donum in 1194 for ransoming Richard I. Hamo of Hereford (d …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • *hereford — ● hereford adjectif et nom (de Hereford, nom propre) Se dit d une race de bovins à viande, d origine anglaise, très répandue en Amérique du Nord …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Hereford — Her e*ford, n. One of a breed of cattle originating in Herefordshire, England. The Herefords are good working animals, and their beef producing quality is excellent. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Hereford — (spr. hérrìförd), Hauptstadt (city) von Herefordshire (England), im fruchtbaren Tale der Wye, uralter Bischofssitz und früher Grenzfestung gegen Wales, hat eine 1079–1530 in den verschiedensten Baustilen erbaute Kathedrale (1856–63 von Scott… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Hereford — (spr. herrĕf rd), Grafschaft im westl. England, 2175 qkm, (1901) 114.401 E. – Die Hauptstadt H., am Wye, 21.382 E., alte Kathedrale …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Hereford — (Herriförd), mittelländische Grafschaft Englands, 103/4 QM. groß mit 100000 E., Ackerbaudistrict, sehr fruchtbar und wohlhabend. Hauptstadt H. an der Wye u. dem Gloucesterkanal, mit 35000 E., Wolle und Handschuhfabrikation, lebhaftem Verkehr …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

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